Early American molded glass

Early American molded glass refers to functional and decorative objects, such as bottles and dishware , that were manufactured in the United States in the 19th century. The objects were produced by blowing molten glass into a mold, thereby causing the glass to assume the shape and pattern design of the mold. Common blown molded tableware items bearing designs include salt dishes, sugar bowls , creamers , celery stands, decanters, and drinking glasses. Undecorated bottles used as containers for a variety of liquids were blown into square molds to give them corners so they could be packed into compartments of wooden cases. After the War of , American glass manufacturers began using molds as an inexpensive way to produce glassware similar in appearance to the very costly cut glass that was imported from Waterford, Ireland. The process of blowing molten glass into a mold made of clay is known to have been employed in Syrian workshops as early as the 4th century BCE. Although no intact molds have been found, fragments of molds have been excavated at glass manufacturing sites in Sandwich, Massachusetts and Kent and Mantua, Ohio. The mold, which was placed on the floor or below floor level, [10] was not three molds, but one mold in three parts.

Pressed Glass History

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Bottles, decanters and jugs: Most antique glass bottles date between the 17th Pressed glass antiques: This is another brilliant area for new.

You have to wonder why some choose that section which is designated specifically for 19th century American pressed glass to list their item, especially when their auction item is glass made in the mid 20th century or even pottery. One explanation may be date related. Another point of confusion is that this glass with a very narrow definition is known by so many terms.

A few glass companies made patterns that were so popular that they continued making them after and some glass companies, notably Indiana Glass Co. I have some glass that was pressed in America before ! Another conundrum… glass was pressed in America before But mostly those pieces were limited to salt dips, curtain tiebacks, candlesticks, dresser knobs and a few other items….

No one ever said that the antiques world is rigid. For the record, a body of collectibles needs to have somewhere to begin and end and most, for simplicity, have chosen , the Victorian era. And so, EAPG does have a date definition, even if it is a little elastic. Lacy is a general term chosen by collectors to describe the earliest type of pressed glass produced in the US. Truth be known, that fine stippling doubled as an inventive way to mask the irregularities in the glass.

Antique Early American Pattern Glass

No-one likes general adverts, and ours hadn’t been updated for ages, so we’re having a clear-out and a change round to make the new ones useful to you. These new adverts bring in a small amount to help pay for the board and keep it free for you to use, so please do use them whenever you can, Let our links help you find great books on glass or a new piece for your collection. Thank you for supporting the Board. While appraising the collection I noticed significant variations in the tints of clear glass.

These are caused by variations in the mixtures of glass and would change over the years for cost or other reasons.

Early historical records give accounts of glass houses dating back to about 23 Factory made the first glass that was pressed into a mold without lung power.

It was during the nineteenth century that mechanised glass-making processes reduced the cost and therefore the value of glass, making it a treasure which anyone could afford. The Americans developed machinery for pressing glass in the early 19th century,and English glass-makers were producing pressed glass by the ‘s. Pressed glass older than the ‘s is now rare.

Before gas and electricity were introduced, oil lamps with glass chimneys were widely used, and there was a huge demand for replacement glass chimneys. George Davidson founded one of the most successful and prolific glass factories in England in response to this demand. In , at the age of 45, he decided that there was such a shortage of oil lamp chimneys he would build a glass factory in the nearby Team Valley. Initially very successful, they went on to make a wide range of pressed glass table-ware.

In the early years pressed glass was used to imitate other popular materials. They imitated cut crystal designs in clear pressed glass which they called Flint glass. During the ‘s Davidson’s, along with several other glass factories, also made glass to look like porcelein termed vitro-porcelein usually in opaque white and opaque blue like the vase above. They also made glass to look like marble, and termed it “marble vitro-porcelein” or sometimes marble glass or Malachite glass.

The flint glass table-ware above and the marble vitro-porcelein sugar bowl below all have the Davidson’s trademark or a Davidson’s registration number.

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Nineteenth-century American glassmakers experimented with new methods to create products for a growing consumer market. In the s, pressing glass into metal molds by machine was perfected, and by the mids, manufacturers were creating a variety of inexpensive pressed glass housewares. America’s middle-class consumers could now decorate their homes with attractive glass bowls, creamers, dishes, plates, vases, and even candlesticks.

This mold-made, pressed glass box was intended to hold a middle class lady’s jewelry. It was made in the lacy glass technique, in which decoration covers the entire surface of the mold, and is raised against a background of small dots, to create a stippled appearance on the surface.

However dating is less than precise and confronted with the scarcity of early blown articles collectors have been willing to be lenient. In fact, for pressed glass the.

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Most of these toothpick holders can be purchased by going HERE. These sets of dishes were made by hundreds of glass factories- some more long-lived and more well-known today than others. The number of patterns of EAPG has been estimated to be as high as however in some of those patterns only a few forms or items were made. The number of patterns made in extensive sets was probably closer to In the 3rd and 4th decade of the 20th century, sets of pressed glass dishes were made also and those are generally referred to as “Depression Era Glass”.

In the 3rd and 4th decade of the 20th century, sets of pressed glass dishes were made also and those are generally referred to as “Depression Era Glass”. EAPG​.

Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who purchased this item, who are all part of the Amazon community. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. Please enter a question. Pressed Glass beads are one of the oldest types of beads, dating back over years. Pressed glass beads are formed by pressing a heated glass rod into a mold. Skip to main content. Arrives: Sep 4 – In stock. Usually ships within 2 to 3 days.

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Pressed Glass aka Pattern Glass

Unlike metals that tarnish and furniture that warps, antique glass is gloriously averse to ageing. Its fragility might leave it prone to breakages, but its unique qualities mean glass antiques can look exactly the same today as they did two centuries ago. Antique glass can be bought on a spectrum of budgets, from a couple of pounds to a few hundred. From Roman soda glass to 17th-century potash, the best way to date and value glassware is to examine its characteristics.

Glass antiques are usually made up from silica sand , an alkali normally soda or potash , an alkaline earth lime and bits of waste glass cullet.

A British Art Deco uranium green pressed glass vase. Made by Bagley, pattern name “Grantham”. View Details · Bagley # Art Deco Uranium Green Glass ‘.

Hazel Atlas Florentine Pattern No. This listing is for ONE very pretty pressed glass vase. It has the nickname “LENS” vase because of the ovals in the design. It is a mid century classic designed in by Rudolph Schrotter. It is in excellent condition with no cracks, chips, or scratches. The vase has some very small inclusions naturally occurring in the glass. Tiny bubbles and specks deep in the glass.

It is almost 6″ tall and about 3″ at it’s widest. The bottom is ground flat. The last photo shows all three that…. Such a gorgeous candlestick and it’s weighty too at 1 lb. I recently found this votive cup and decided to add it since it makes a gorgeous pair and gives you many options Manufacturer: Unknown – I don’t recognize the pattern or I’d be able to find the maker of this piece. Measurements: approx. Condition: Both pieces are in very good vintage condition….

What Is Pressed Glass?

While the pressing of glass into molds has been practiced for thousands of years, refinements of the processes led to new industries. In the United States early glassmaking facilities operated in colonial Jamestown, Boston, and Cambridge. Between and , American manufacturers revolutionized glassworking with the invention of steel molds and a fixed-lever press that would shape and pattern glass.

Because of a fire that destroyed records of early patents, exact information as to who, when and where the first mechanized glass pressing operation is unknown. The first pressed glass goblets were made in the s. They featured bold, geometric motifs inspired by more expensive cut-glass patterns and were pressed from lead glass.

Much pressed glass dating from the mids to about has elaborate stippled decoration and is therefore called “lacy pressed” glass. The fancy patterns.

Types, colors, molds, historical data, and information regarding the Sandwich Glass Company and its output gathered from specimens collected by the author covering ninety-odd thousand miles by motor. On sale by the author at Madison Ave. These men put their best efforts into designs of intricate beauty. There is no comparison between their work and the later commercial pressed glass which took unto itself all the worst features of Victorian decoration and which was never found upon the tables of people of good taste, who turned from pressed glass to English cut during this latter period, or preserved with reverence and used on state occasions the pieces of a generation before.

This late glass covered with stars and rosettes in ugly amber and blue and white became a tremendous advertising medium and was distributed as premiums and sold in quantity at very cheap prices. The author sees no object in collecting it to-day other than the commercializing of an unworthy product. The glass sheltered by the Mansard roof does not fit in with early Sandwich.

In a factory was established on Essex Street, Boston by Whalley, Hunnewell and others for making crown window glass.

Czech Glass How Pressed Glass is made (Step 1)

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